For the phrases in this post, the exceptions are only likely to occur when you are talking about a sequence of events in the past (I’ll do a post on this soon) or for making a guess about what might have happened in the past . Sometimes, you want to report what someone else said, but you don’t want to use a direct quote. (sidenote: You’ll notice that above examples contain a common structure: past progressive to describe the action that was in progress, and simple past to describe the action that caused the interruption.). However, none of them are going to be a good excuse. Unsplash Credit to Julian Hochgesang. They broke up last June. Try the below exercises once you know how to conjugate each tense. I had. Los niños jugaron en el parque la semana pasada. The reader or listener, unless other information is provided, does not know whether she studied Spanish one day and then never again, or she studied the language for quite some time. For the second person singular (e.g. That’s because in Spanish, we can use both the imperfect past tense and the past progressive to talk about a past action that was on going. Listen to these sentences using the imperfect tense in Spanish: Cuando María tenía 18 años, ella era una chica muy hermosa y … Instead, there are a number of irregular verbs that have irregular conjugations when using the preterite. The word hablamos can mean either "we speak" or "we spoke," and escribimos can mean either "we write" or "we wrote." This Spanish past tense is called ‘Pretérito Indefinido’ or ‘Pasado Indefinido’. And then, just when one thinks that they were absolutely correct in not taking French or Chinese or German, there comes the two past tenses - the preterite and the imperfect. The past tense is really easy to conjugate in English. Have conversations faster, understand people when they speak fast, and other tested tips to learn faster. él, ella, or usted), use ió. To soften suggestions or form more polite requests and questions 4. Examples form today’s episode: Last week I went to a party and it was a lot of fun – La semana pasada fui a una fiesta y fue muy divertida. The past progressive tense is a simple way to speak about a continuous action that took place in the past – normally within a more recent time frame. NOT DEFINITE STARTING OR ENDING POINT EXAMPLES. Three marriage counselors say if it's past tense, I shouldn't tell. The imperfect past tense in Spanish will also be used for descriptions of situations or people in the past, particularly for talking about age, dates, events, emotions or things that we had or felt for some time in the past, but are different in the present. How to Pick the Right Spanish Past Tense. This time we'll imperfect tense conjugation with a past participle: She had already seen the movie three times. But, writing in the past tense is challenging for many writers. It’s easy to speak in the past tense—we frequently talk about things we’ve done, from when we were born to what we ate for breakfast! Unfortunately, the preterite is not that easy. Recommended: How to Learn Spanish Fast in 2020, Stem Changing Verbs in Spanish: Explained For Beginners, Lo in Spanish: 5 Different Meanings for 5 Different Scenarios, Si Clauses in Spanish: 5 minute Guide to The Hypothetical, To speak about past actions that were habitual, To speak about an ongoing past action that was interrupted, To describe past characteristics (age, height, etc), When I visited my grandparents – Cuando yo visité a mis abuelos, Past progressive is often used when the action is more recent (ie. You could be talking to a teacher in just 5 minutes! We had problems creating your account. (PS: We wrote a side-by-side explanation on each Spanish past tense here) When To Use The Spanish Preterite Tense . Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." That is easy enough to remember, right? My goal is to help you learn Spanish grammar and phrases, and share the best Spanish resources to help you learn. Additionally, in the third person plural, both the e and the i are represented. In the free exercises, you can practise the conjugation of different Spanish tenses. él, ella, or usted), use fue. Also, there are two other times where the preterite is especially useful. As Maria is from Barcelona, it means she can speak Catalan as well as Spanish. Present Perfect Estar Subjunctive. See authoritative translations of That's what she said in Spanish with example sentences and audio pronunciations. However, while native speakers will be sympathetic to anyone trying to speak, it sounds a bit like someone who forms the future tense in English by saying ‘he is going + infinitive’ all the time without understanding how to use the word ‘will.’ Sure, it gets the point across, but there’s a better way. vosotros), use -isteis. The simple past tense, or the preterite, isn’t that hard to learn. Remember, the worst case scenario is you get a few free classes, don’t like it, and end up with an extra $20 in the bank. After all, go becomes went. Iba expresses a continuous past desire or intention that was not fulfilled. Let’s look at more examples of the simple past tense in action. When I was young I used to swim a lot – Cuando era pequeño nadaba mucho. Figuring out the usage of each, as well as how to confidently use the preterite, is one of the crucial steps that will help take a learner from beginning to intermediate Spanish, while also setting them up for understanding just how important verbs are to the entire language. Although the English past in a sentence such as "he ate" can be conveyed in Spanish using either the preterite (comió) or the imperfect indicative (comía), the two tenses don't mean the same thing.In general, the preterite is used when speaking of completed action, indicating the verb's action had a clear end. The past tense in Spanish of regular and irregular verbs. From he + said, past tense of say + she + said, past tense of say. If you already know how to use the present progressive, then this tense will be simple for you. For example, “comía muchos caramelos” could be translated as “I used to eat many candies“, or it could be translated as “I was eating many candies”. something just happened). How to Conjugate Verbs in Spanish. Habían extrañado a sus familias durante el viaje. one word) Spanish past tenses, the preterite and the imperfect. It’s much more complicated in Spanish, as you’ll learn, but the same concept applies. Nosotros estábamos caminando en el parque cuando el perro escapó. In fact, most Spanish past tenses have an English equivalent and once you compare them side-by-side, they become much easier to comprehend. Use this post along with the authentic video learning method of FluentU for the ultimate learning team! In the Spanish past tense, -er and -ir verbs conjugate the same way, so it’s one less thing to learn! The present perfect subjunctive tense is a compound form that uses two verbs: The first verb, haber, is the one that receives the subjunctive conjugation. If at any point while reading this post you become confused, simply refer to this table and it will steer you in the right direction. Hablé con 3 consejeros y todos están seguros de que si es algo pasado , no debería contárselo. If you use the imperfect past tense, then you’re indicating that this was an habitual action and you’re not specifying a start or end point. FluentU takes real … Zero to advanced. And finally, this tense is often used to speak about a past action that was in progress, before it was interrupted by something else. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! ¿Hablaste con mi novia? he/she went. we must learn them by heart. Hablamos en la biblioteca. In diesem Beispiel wird aus dem I → she. For the first person plural (e.g. The idea of learning past tense Spanish is often something that many beginners learning Spanish find daunting. We can refer to the past tense in Spanish as “El pretérito perfecto simple”, “El pretérito indefinido” or simply as “El pasado simple”. The one that would be in the preterite in Spanish has been put in bold to help make it easier to recognize when to use this tense: I took a test last week, but studied for a month before. Here’s the difference: Direct speech: Carlos said, “I’m happy.” Indirect/reported speech: Carlos said that he was happy. You just add "ed" to the root verb and listo! Spanish Imperfect Tense Conjugations: Regular Verbs. The new guest on the podcast is a friend of mine from Barcelona, Maria Piñero. Here is the preterite conjugation for -AR verbs: For the first person singular (e.g. A common use of the past continuous is to show that a longer action was interrupted (usually by a shorter action in the past simple). Regular: Julie has toured the entire nation twice with her band. As in when the reporting verb was in a present tense, commands with the reporting verb in the past tense also undergo changes. The word hablamos can mean either "we speak" or "we spoke," and escribimos can mean either "we write" or "we wrote." ellos, ellas, or ustedes), use fueron. Even I can admit that the name of this tense looks daunting when written down in Spanish: Fortunately, it’s quite simple to understand, and also has an English equivalent. Definition und die Übersetzung im Kontext von say I want to keep things simple, so for starters, I’m going to avoid … What is the past participle? perfect, so events that had a definite beginning and end have to use the preterite. Spanish tense name: Pretérito I hope this … 'Ser' in the past tense To talk about the past, the imperfect tense of the verb ser is very useful. yo), use í. The present perfect tense formula is: have/has + past participle. - Did you talk to my girlfriend? This Spanish Medium Review quiz will look at conjugating the ser and estar in the past tense. The truth is that past tense grammar is relatively simple, once you know how and when each tense is used. Use. She was absent because she was sick. yo), use é. But after understanding the patterns I could use; it was … The past progressive tense is one of those Spanish tenses that takes no time to learn but is super useful. While in Spanish, we use the imperfect tense to say the same thing. To use this tense, all you need to do is remember the following formula: Auxiliary verb “haber” in simple present + past participle of the action verb. For the second person plural (e.g. For the third person plural (e.g. In this post, you’ll learn 15 Spanish phrases that nearly guarantee the use of the Spanish past simple tense. From he + said, past tense of say + she + said, past tense of say. The simple past tense, also known as the past simple, the past tense or the preterite, expresses completed actions in the recent and distant past.It is the basic past tense in English grammar. Él dijo que iba a venir a la fiesta. If someone is trying to express a thought that refers to a past habitual action, i.e. You/We/They have been saying. Either way, welcome! In most cases, the context of the sentence makes clear which tense … For a more in-depth explanation on how to conjugate and use past progressive, read our separate post here. In English, we use the perfect tense (have, has or their shortened forms ’ve and ’s followed by a past participle such as spoken, eaten, lived, been) to talk about what has or hasn’t happened today, this week, this year or in our lives up to now. There’s no new alphabet, and other than a few pronunciation differences, speaking isn’t all that hard. In most cases, the context of the sentence makes clear which tense is intended. The rules are simple once you understand how we think about units of time: days, weeks, months and … If the action was something habitual, like “I studied every day of the week”, then we would need to use the imperfect past tense (which we’ll cover next) as the sentence implies that the past action took place regularly over a period of time. I didn’t know how to get started” said Sonia one day while we were having lunch. 1.1 First Conjugation "-ar" 1.2 Second Conjugation "-er" 1.3 Third Conjugation "-ir" 1.4 Summary of 'simple-past tense' endings; 2 Uses of the simple past. 2.1 Differences between the simple past and the imperfect; 3 The question with the simple past; 4 Negation of the simple past; … For the third person singular (e.g. In this post, you’ll learn 15 Spanish phrases that nearly guarantee the use of the Spanish past simple tense. However, there are other specific uses of the imperfect. - He spoke in Spanish with the doctor. yo), use fui. For example: Then I asked: “Remember when we reviewed the past tenses in Spanish?” She replied: “Yes, the way you explained it helped me get unstuck. Conjugation Chart. Guaranteed. Never getting the preterite and imperfect verb tenses confused again! 5. 1940s. If you ever visit Latin America, then might notice that native speakers often prefer simple past tense instead of present perfect when it comes to talking about recent actions. “El pretérito perfecto” refers to actions in the past that have already been completed such as “Trabajé ahí” (I worked there). "How can those two work with each other? In saying that, knowing which tense to use is something that will become second nature to you once you’re exposed to more Spanish. In English, the above examples would be categorized as simple past and past progressive. tuvo. The imperfect past tense is a point of confusion for many people learning Spanish. There are a number of reasons for this apprehension, ranging from the imperfect/preterite debate from earlier, the number of accented vowels involved in producing the preterite, and even the large number of irregular verbs. However, outside of a handful, most are more common in writing than in speaking, so learners can expect to absorb the words over time. → I was studying for the test. Habían perfeccionado la técnica antes de las competencias. The underlined words are the answers to the questions. There is more than one past tense in Spanish, and as you learn more and more Spanish, you’ll get familiar with all of them, but we recommend you start by … To talk about desires, hypothetical situations, speculations She said, "I'll be using the car next Friday". Examples: Regular: He has coached the team since 1998. Nosotros habíamos pensado en algo completamente diferente. I thought, "hey, I can leave, I can leave." However, a number of Spanish words have stems that change pretty dramatically. dijo. But in the simple past there is no difference between the second and third conjugation (the endings are the same). For the first person plural (e.g. We are talking about something that had already been completed at an indefinite point in the past. In Spanish, one has to be precise as to if the action happened throughout the past or at a relatively finite moment. "Dicho" is the past participle. The second verb, which in this case would be estar, remains in the past participle (estado) form for every conjugation. For now, let’s see how a simple sentence translates across all five past tenses: The above table shows how each past tense is used, in a different way, depending on what you want to say. An English Review. However, if one needs a Spanish past tense that describes an occurrence where something was shorter or more finite, then the preterite is called upon. If one were to say that she learned Spanish, the verb ‘learn’ has an -ed at the end. You/We/They have said. Something we already touched on is knowing when to use past progressive vs the imperfect past tense. We form it using was/were + verb + ing. The table below provides an overview of the Spanish indicative tenses including examples of the conjugation of -ar, -er and -ir verbs as well as some general usage rules for each tense. In Spanish, it is quite common to use the conditional tense when you want to do any of the following: 1. Or perhaps you simply want to be able to say a few things in Spanish using the past tense and have stumbled upon the preterite tense without really knowing what it is. See my list of Spanish resources to help you learn the preterite and more. For the second person singular (e.g. This is what you’ll login in with. The past tense in Spanish of regular and irregular verbs. Before we jump into the finer details of the past perfect Spanish tense, it will help us to understand how it works in English because they are quite similar. To express uncertainty or doubt 3. The Simple Past Tense, often just called the Past Tense, is easy to use in English.. Present Perfect Continuous Tense. In the present progressive, we use a simple formula: Subject + ESTAR verb (present) + Progressive verb. The same tense exists in Spanish: He comido = I have eaten Ha perdido = She(he) has lost Has vivido = You have lived. Then I asked: “Remember when we reviewed the past tenses in Spanish?” She replied: “Yes, the way you explained it helped me get unstuck. (see here for a full explanation of past progressive), (see here for a full explanation of present perfect Spanish). 1940s. Past Tense of the Verb “To Be” – Information Questions Use the correct question word (who, what, where, when, why, how many) and the correct form of the verb “to be” in the past tense to make questions. This blog is presented by BaseLang: Unlimited Spanish Tutoring for $149 a Month. English speakers should not get too upset about this. Use our search box to check present tense, present participle tense, past tense and past participle tense … Now that we’ve clarified that – let’s go deep on knowing when to use each past tense in Spanish. If you want to delve deeper into Spanish Past Tenses, you can enrol in The Spanish Past Tense Masterclass now, which begins on Friday 6th September 2019 with: a) pre-recorded videos explaining all you need to know about the past tenses and their uses b) workbooks to put the above content into practise and additionally you get: c) 90 minute Q&A pre-recorded group call where we … For the third person singular (e.g. In English, the past tense is normally indicated by -ed at the end of a word. Zero to conversational in a month. For the second person plural (e.g. If you already know how to use the Present Tense, then the Past Tense will be easy.. Effortlessly mastering the Spanish past tense by learning the exact same strategies I used while studying abroad and living with a group of Spanish people! dije. Additionally, it will help make sure that learners understand the precision that Spanish verbs offer, something that will be especially useful in the two other big hurdles that await learners, the subjunctive and the compound tenses. The truth is, in many cases, the tenses are Interchangeable. ; The Spanish perfect tense is used in a similar way. I have said. We use the present perfect tense to talk about past actions that are still connected to the present, or probably still happening.. As native speakers, we tend to use the past progressive to indicate a more recent time frame. → The girls used to speak in Spanish. For many Spanish learners, there is a temptation to rely more on the imperfect, because it is the easier simple past tense to form. He/She/It has been saying. We can refer to the past tense in Spanish as “El pretérito perfecto simple”, “El pretérito indefinido” or simply as “El pasado simple”. As we already mentioned, this tense is also used to talk about dates, time, age, conditions and feelings. (Don’t need an … hice. tú), use aste. The past tense in Spanish has two basic forms: “El pretérito perfecto” and “El pretérito imperfecto”. Join the course now, before we come to our senses and charge for it! If you are … The following sections will teach you how to form it, step by step. For the first person plural (e.g. This “-ing” tense is used in the exact same way that we use the English equivalent every day. nosotros), use imos. Hopefully you can now distinguish the differences between all five tenses and how they are used to speak about the past. Additionally, the first-person plural, the "we" form of nosotros and nosotras, has the same conjugation for both the present indicative tense and the preterite past tense for -ar and -ir verbs. The imperfect is the Spanish past tense best thought of as the ‘used to do’ case. For a quick way to remember this, remember that the imperfect is not complete, i.e. For a more in-depth look at how to use the present perfect (including the conjugations), read our separate post here. Spanish words for said include escrito, dijera, dijo que, dichos, dicha, dije and dijiste. Conjugate the English verb say: indicative, past tense, participle, present perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular verbs. In that case, it may come down to simply having been exposed to enough of the language to know what is going on. While the preterite can be frustrating, being able to use this tense is one of the hallmarks of a fluent Spanish speaker and will help one make the jump from a beginning Spanish learner to an intermediate one. Let’s see how this tense works with some examples: To use this tense, you need to follow a formula similar to the one we covered in the last section, only this time, the verb “haber” will be conjugated in the imperfect tense. How to Write in the Past Tense. Still, some verbs have irregular roots for their preterites. Franko dijo que a las 3 ella ya había llegado (Franko said she had already arrived at 3). It’s All Relative: The Spanish Past Progressive Tense and How to Use It. The main rule is that for every verb in English, … Spanish words for she include ella, hembra and apacentó. In English, we use the perfect tense (have, has or their shortened forms ’ve and ’s followed by a past participle such as spoken, eaten, lived, been) to talk about what has or hasn’t happened today, this week, this year or in our lives up to now. After all, each of these is a finite event in sequence, so it makes sense to do so. Just like in English, the preterite or past tense will be used for actions that happened at some time in the past … Translate That's what she said. They dated for several months. Speakers will have to rely on context here to know if the verb is meaning to go or to be. 3. Likewise, his childhood would likely be referred to in the imperfect, but the act of having a first day of school is definitely spoken about in the preterite. The past imperfect tense is used for speaking about past habitual events, like “I used to eat cereal every day,” (Yo comía cereales todos los días) or to give background information or set a scene in the past, such as “The door was opening and closing” (La puerta se abría y se cerraba).. It helps you describe what things were like or what they used to be like. Habló en español con el doctor. Ex. Notice that we use “was” in the past tense. English has one simple past tense, but Spanish has two: the preterite and the imperfect. The Spanish Preterite – also known as “Simple Past Tense” – is likely to be your first exploration into past tense Spanish. 2. Remember that each of these carries the meaning of a specific point in history. The exact strategies you need to become conversational in Spanish this year. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! Regular: Julie has toured the entire nation twice with her band. The past progressive formula is almost identical, only this time we must conjugate “estar” in the imperfect past tense: Subject + ESTAR verb (imperfect past tense) + Progressive verb. For them, simple past tense is a less formal way to speak among friends and family. Again, a lot of non-natives tend to be afraid of the preterite, but it is a great chance to show off how much Spanish someone actually knows. Franko dijo: “A las 3 ella ya había llegado“ (Franko said: “She had already arrived at 3”). Ellos estaban pintando la casa de su abuela. For now, let’s look at more examples of the past progressive: Once again, this tense (like the imperfect past tense) is an easy way to talk about interrupted past actions. Please contact support. For example, one may use the preterite to express having gone to summer camp once, but will use the imperfect to describe the action of going canoeing every day while at summer camp. Las chicas hablaban en español. Terms Privacy, Terms for our incredible guarantee can be read here. As you may recall, back in Spanish Easy Review you learned that in Spanish there are two different forms of the verb 'to be'. European Spanish (Español peninsular) uses two different tenses to talk about past events in cases where in English we generally use one.Knowing whether to use El Pretérito Perfecto (" he ido") or El Pretérito Indefinido (" fui") can be tricky at first but it's actually pretty easy.. For the third person plural (e.g. To ask for information in a polite way Note that these are the complete words, not the endings: For the first person singular (e.g. To express a possibility or potential circumstance (probabilities) 2. Normally, the root (or stem) is found by knocking off the -AR, -ER, or -IR. Estudiaba para el examen. In Spanish grammar, we use indirect speech, also reported speech, to say what another person has said. I have gone to Spain many times – He ido a España muchas veces; They have done all their homework – Ellos han hecho todas sus tareas We use the present perfect tense to talk about past actions that are still connected to the present, or probably still happening. This tense is used to describe past actions that were already completed, with a clear beginning or ending. They are called the simple past tenses to distinguish them from verb forms that use an auxiliary verb , such as "has left" in English and ha salido in Spanish. - We spoke in the library. This lesson focuses on the Spanish verb ''decir'', which means 'to say' or 'to tell'. This tense is used when it is unclear whether the action was completed or not. Estaba arreglando el carro de mi hermano. Later she reports something in the past, so the reported speech verb is in the past tense. Anoche leí el último capítulo del libro que me recomendaste . I have been saying. 1 Using the perfect tense. You were also given … vosotros), use fuisteis. Han estado esperando por ti toda la noche. One can check verbs forms in different tenses. Of course, the ER/IR conjugation is also useful: Luckily for learners, the -ER and -IR forms of verbs in Spanish share the same conjugations; here is the -ER and -IR preterite conjugation: For the first person singular (e.g. There could well be some deeper philosophical meaning to this, but that is best left to philosophers and linguists rather than language learners. Examples: Regular: He has coached the team since 1998. The imperfect is the Spanish past tense best thought of as the ‘used to do’ case. Therefore, there are two simple (i.e. tuve. Él/Ella haría (He/She would make) Nosotros haríamos (We would make) Vosotros haríais (You would make) Ellos harían (They would make) 5 common uses of the conditional tense in Spanish. I said. … I went. How to use the Spanish past tenses in REAL LIFE by learning from quotes on the hit Netflix original television series Orange ... you'll know exactly why and how to fix it. you said that I was naive, and I thought that I was strong. For example, you could use the simple past tense to say: In other words, these actions took place on a specific day or time. In general, the Past Tense is used to talk about something that started and finished at a definite time in the past.. How to form the Past Tense in English. one word) Spanish past tenses, the preterite and the imperfect. As you probably know, Spanish has 3 types of verbs ("-ar", "-er" and "-ir" verbs) with different conjugation. Translate say in … Another common past tense is the past continuous. ️ https://goo.gl/AhLkxG Download TONS of FREE PDF lessons to learn Spanish twice as fast! Notice I said “what was happening,” meaning you use this tense for the same purpose you use it in English: talking about ongoing past actions. "Pluperfect" (pluscuamperfecto in Spanish) is a funny name but it basically means the "imperfect perfect. Tips 055: Pretérito Indefinido – The Simple Spanish Past Tense. ” – is likely to be a good excuse Ellas/Ellos/Ustedes dicieron both the e and the imperfect more... Perfect ( including the conjugations ), read our separate post here to! How they are used to be your first exploration into past tense is in! Stage, and one should note en el lago en vacaciones: pretérito Indefinido – simple! Preterite – also known as “ simple past tense of say + she said... Share the best Spanish resources to help you learn the rules for Spanish indirect online. Were having lunch noticing right off the -AR, -er, or ustedes ), ( see here a. S much more complicated in Spanish has two basic forms: “ el pretérito perfecto ” “! Endings: for the first person singular ( e.g noticing right off the bat PDF... To if the action was a long time ago do, ’ the... Has toured the entire nation twice with her band didn ’ t that hard to learn Spanish... Can now distinguish the differences between all five tenses and how they are used to do ’ case perfect. They ‘ used to gone ’ to school, but the same thing post, you want talk... The tense to talk about desires, hypothetical situations, speculations PastTenses is compound... Rules for Spanish indirect speech, also reported speech, to say what another person has said ahead try... Yesterday, '' you would say, `` I 'll be using the preterite the... It, step by step and share the best Spanish resources to help you learn preterite. Is associated with conditions being either temporary or permanent to setting the stage, and tested. Is n't that bad to see how this could cause some misunderstandings auf say! And phrases, and I thought that refers to a past participle ellos,,! The name of a stem-changing verb makes sense ; after all, languages have to rely context! They become much easier to comprehend could cause some misunderstandings and feelings try the below exercises once compare... Be your first exploration into past tense is used to describe past actions that in. Our incredible guarantee can be translated to English in different forms each tense nosotros dijimos dicieron... Using a very common verb ( present ) + progressive verb of Spanish! New conjugation, but the same ) knocking off the -AR, -er and -ir conjugate! El último capítulo del libro que me recomendaste few weeks are easy different Spanish tenses use this post you... Still, some verbs have irregular roots for their preterites the movie three times the key is to you! Have used to gone ’ to school, but it basically means the `` imperfect perfect already completed, a. Once you compare them side-by-side, they become much easier to comprehend to form using... Our incredible guarantee can be translated to English in different ways to what has happened ) when to the... Would be estar, remains in the exact same way that we use indirect speech with... Funny name but it is flashcards, frequent use, or writing until! See how this could cause some misunderstandings one day while we were having lunch after that it... Senses and charge for it are always exceptions e and the I are represented say “ most ” the! Way to remember this, remember that each of these is a friend of mine from Barcelona, Piñero!
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